PPP resistance

What is resistance to PPPs ?

How is it selected? How is it measured? What are the different types of resistances? What are the practical consequences?

What is PPP resistance ?

Characterization of resistance

Biological assays, cross-resistance and multiple resistance, pleiotropic effect and fitness cost of resistance

What is PPP resistance ?

Resistance detection

Three main categories of assays are used to identify resistance to PPPs

What is PPP resistance ?

Resistance management

What are the possible strategies to limit PPP resistance phenomenon in the field?